For a variety of reasons, host communities often are the weaker party in interactions with their guests and service providers. The impacts arise when tourism brings about changes in value systems and behaviour, thereby threatening indigenous identity. Furthermore, changes often occur in community structure, family relationships, collective traditional life styles, ceremonies and morality. Change of local identity and values Conventional tourism can cause change or loss of local identity and values and brings about by several closely related influences as explained below:
The third in this series of posts. How government can boost the local economic impacts of tourism. The poor can participate in the tourism industry in many ways — as workers, entrepreneurs, and neighbours.
They gain new opportunities but also face constraints.
They earn incomes, but also suffer costs of tourism. These impacts vary enormously from destination to destination. Enhancing the opportunities and impacts for the poor is the concern of this series of posts. Boosting local craft and tourist shopping Tourists want to shop and buy presents.
Even the business tourist is not expected to return home empty-handed. Buying souvenirs and curios can substantially increase the amount of money that stays in the local economy, and particularly with women.
Thus, ensuring that poor people can take advantage of the opportunity offered by these customers, and that tourists have ample opportunity to spend their money, is a critical part of boosting local economic impacts.
Many of the points pertinent for tourism service providers also apply to craft makers — such as the need for credit, training, business support, mentoring, and infrastructure. In addition, there are some actions particularly relevant to crafts and shopping. Upgrade product quality, supply and fit with tourist tastes If local products are not of good quality, no amount of marketing will help.
Training for artisans is often essential if they are to sell to tourists. This may be done by NGOs but should be supported by government. It is not just the quality, but producers also need to understand tourist tastes, and also what size or weight, they can carry, what packaging or transport they need and what pricing they will regard as value for money.
Develop locally distinctive products Tourists want to buy products that are unique to their destination. Government and non-government agencies can work with producers to develop these and ensure tourists are informed.
Information on where it was made, by whom, and how, adds significantly to the value of a product, and thus the price. This brand can be applied to a range of goods and services, giving the products higher value and giving the tourist more information and satisfaction. Create sales venues One of the easiest ways to boost market access for local producers is to establish, equip and promote market sites where vendors can sell and tourists can shop in safety.
Tourists need an accessible place where they feel secure, and about which they have information. Vendors need a place with reasonable transport access, particularly if their wares are bulky, and a rental system that is affordable even for part-timers.
A government-supported site is one important way forward. Sales in and around protected areas are often important. Instead of having vendors compete for sales at the gate, an organised site inside or just outside the park can be open to all.
Competition for the best selling spots is inevitable, particularly if they are in short supply. The question is whether government leaves this to the bigger sellers to sort out, or sets us up a mechanism which increases access for the many, particular the poor, women, and the craft-makers themselves.
The location of such sites matters a great deal. They should, of course, be at points that are on a tourist route or easily accessible. The crafts must come to where tourists congregate. But craft producers will earn more if they can sell to tourists directly rather than sell to a wholesaler who transports the products to towns or parks.
Furthermore, some tourists spend more if they are buying directly from a producer, particularly if they can watch and photograph the product being made. Therefore it is invaluable to establish craft markets that are accessible to producers as well as tourists.
Ensure tourists have information, incentives and capacity to spend more locally Tourists should not return home with loose change in their pocket or disappointment at their shopping. The local environment should encourage them to spend more, rather than leave them feeling restricted in their browsing and spending.
There are many factors in the local environment which government, particularly local government, can influence. How much tourists spend is influenced by: Safety and security in the local environment.Tourism is one of the world's largest industries and biggest employers, with both positive and negative effects of inbound and outbound tourism .
- sociocultural impacts occurs in three main categories; tourism development, tourism-host interaction and key cultural impacts - impacts can be due to the physical development of tourism - impacts can be due to relationship growth or conflict. How government can boost the local economic impacts of tourism.
The third in this series of posts. RESPONSIBLE TOURISM. Andina Travel was founded with the objective that our travel programs have a beneficial impact on the people and places we visit. The socio-cultural impacts of conventional tourism described here, are the effects on host communities of direct and indirect relations with tourists and of interaction with the tourism industry.
The World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) is the United Nations agency responsible for the promotion of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.. As the leading international organization in the field of tourism, UNWTO promotes tourism as a driver of economic growth, inclusive development and environmental sustainability and offers leadership and support to the sector in.