Relationship to Growth, Development, and Health Key Messages Regular physical activity promotes growth and development and has multiple benefits for physical, mental, and psychosocial health that undoubtedly contribute to learning. Specifically, physical activity reduces the risk for heart disease, diabetes mellitus, osteoporosis, high blood pressure, obesity, and metabolic syndrome; improves various other aspects of health and fitness, including aerobic capacity, muscle and bone strength, flexibility, insulin sensitivity, and lipid profiles; and reduces stress, anxiety, and depression.
An understanding of the rapid changes in a child's developmental status prepares parents and caregivers to give active and purposeful attention to the preschool years and to guide and promote early learning that will serve as the foundation for later learning.
Understanding child development is an important part of teaching young children. Developmental change is a basic fact of human existence and each person is developmentally unique. Although there are universally accepted assumptions or principles of human development, no two children are alike.
Children differ in physical, cognitive, social, and emotional growth patterns. They also differ in the ways they interact with and respond to their environment as well as play, affection, and other factors.
Some children may appear to be happy and energetic all the time while other children may not seem as pleasant in personality. Some children are active while others are typically quiet.
You may even find that some children are easier to manage and like than others. Having an understanding of the sequence of development prepares us to help and give attention to all of these children.
Child Development Development refers to change or growth that occurs in a child during the life span from birth to adolescence. This change occurs in an orderly sequence, involving physical, cognitive, and emotional development. These three main areas of child development involve developmental changes which take place in a predictable pattern age relatedorderly, but with differences in the rate or timing of the changes from one person to another.
Physical Development Physical development refers to physical changes in the body and involves changes in bone thickness, size, weight, gross motor, fine motor, vision, hearing, and perceptual development.
Growth is rapid during the first two years of life. The child's size, shape, senses, and organs undergo change.
As each physical change occurs, the child gains new abilities. During the first year, physical development mainly involves the infant coordinating motor skills.
The infant repeats motor actions which serve to build physical strength and motor coordination. Reflexes Infants at birth have reflexes as their sole physical ability. A reflex is an automatic body response to a stimulus that is involuntary; that is, the person has no control over this response.
Blinking is a reflex which continues throughout life. There are other reflexes which occur in infancy and also disappear a few weeks or months after birth.
The presence of reflexes at birth is an indication of normal brain and nerve development. When normal reflexes are not present or if the reflexes continue past the time they should disappear, brain or nerve damage is suspected.Persistence of primitive reflexes and the lack of development of the postural reflexes are the hallmark of an upper motor neuron abnormality in the infant.
Head Circumference Another very important part of assessing brain development is measuring the growth of the brain. Growth and Development - - - - - - Client safety is the hallmark of nursing. The fundamental components of nursing. Find Study Resources. Growth and Development-Client safety is the hallmark of nursing.
fine motor skills, language development. Resource Guide: Child Development Resources for Parents and Providers December Developmental Milestones Back Developmental milestones are activities that most children are expected to learn how to do by a certain.
The Florida Early Learning and Developmental Standards were created by using multiple resources, of which, one was the Alaska Guidelines. Florida’s Early Learning and Developmental Standards is a comprehensive document Fine motor development focuses on the use, refinement.
All children develop a little differently.
If you are concerned about your child's development, talk to your child's health care provider. PHYSICAL AND MOTOR SKILL MARKERS. Motor Skills A newborn ’s nervous system is still maturing, but babies can accomplish a lot in their first month. You’ll notice that your baby was born with several innate reflexes, including.